Demonising Justin Gatlin
13th September 2015
One hundred and sixty one people from 30 countries feature on the latest version of the Prohibited Association List, published by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) on 10 April. The List, which is updated on 10 January, 10 April, 10 July and 10 October each year, features the names of Athlete Support Personnel (ASP) who are subject to a period of ineligibility. Under Articles 2.10 and 10.3.5 of the World Anti-Doping Code, athletes who associate with prohibited persons face a ban of between one (minimum) and two (maximum) years. This also includes ‘association’ with an athlete who is serving a sanction.
The Code defines an ASP as ‘any coach, trainer, manager, agent, team staff, official, medical, paramedical personnel, parent or any other Person working with, treating or assisting an Athlete participating in or preparing for sports Competition’. ASPs are added to the List following notification of anti-doping decisions to WADA, or Anti-Doping Organisations can request that people are added. In 2017, the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) requested the addition of Anish Singh and Matthew Shane Pearce, the only Australians to feature on the List. The updated List includes both historic bans and more recent sanctions issued to ASP such as Scott Glasgow; Gennady Deys; Ilya Gorodnichev; and others.
Sixty three of the 161 people (39%) that feature on the List (PDF below) are from Italy, more than three times the number reported from any other country. The countries that featured just one person on the List are excluded from the above chart. They are Austria, Colombia, Cyprus, Estonia, France, Jordan, Kenya, Liechtenstein, Malaysia, Morocco, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, and the United Arab Emirates. Sixteen of the 58 (28%) life bans that feature on the List concern ASP from Italy (Turkey is next with ten, followed by Russia with eight).
This doesn’t necessarily suggest that Italy has a particular problem with rouge ASP. Italy’s national anti-doping organisation (NADO Italia) polices elite, amateur and recreational sport and because of this, consistently reports a higher number of anti-doping rule violations (ADRVs) than NADOs in other countries. It may also be more effective than other countries in sanctioning ASP. For example, it would not be in the interests of a country with a corrupt anti-doping system to sanction ASP.
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