Demonising Justin Gatlin
13th September 2015
The 2019 Annual Report of the Chinese Anti-Doping Agency (CHINADA) indicates that at least two thirds of domestic adverse analytical findings (AAFs – or ‘positive tests’) resulted in an anti-doping rule violation (ADRV). Also, the reported AAF and ADRV figures don’t appear to add up, but this may be down to translation errors.
On page 27 of the Report (PDF below – click if it doesn’t appear), CHINADA outlines that 42 AAFs were recorded from domestic samples and 26 AAFs from international samples, making up the 68 AAFs it recorded in 2019. Yet on page 30 and 32, separate graphs indicates 43 domestic AAFs and four foreign AAFs, indicating 47 AAFs.
On page 30 of the Report, a graph indicates 68 ADRVs (not AAFs) comprising of 47 AAFs (43 domestic + four international) and 21 ‘other’ violations. Yet on Page 32, another graph indicates that 52 ‘sanctions’ were issued during the year. Irrespective of which figure is correct, this means that almost all of the domestic AAFs would have resulted in an ADRV, since the four international AAFs were handled by the respective international federation or National Anti-Doping Organisation (NADO).
CHINADA mentions that 15 hearings took place in 2019, where the explanations of athletes for an AAF were ‘basically or partially accepted’ eight times. Even if all eight represented fully successful appeals, 35 domestic ADRVs would remain. Adding the 21 ‘other’ violations results in 56 ADRVs, which doesn’t match either of CHINADA’s ADRV figures.
Taking the lower figure of 52 ‘sanctions’ as being the correct number of ADRVs and discounting the 21 ‘other’ violations, 31 domestic ADRVs from 43 AAFs is a remarkable rate of return for a NADO. WADA’s 2017 Testing Figures Report revealed that 4,596 adverse analytical findings (AAFs – or ‘positive tests’) were recorded, 1.43% of 322,050 samples analysed. However, less than a third (1,459) of these AAFs resulted in an anti-doping rule violation (ADRV) being recorded against an athlete, WADA’s 2017 ADRV Report reveals.
At the very least, almost two thirds (72%) of domestic AAFs in China resulted in an ADRV during 2019. At best, 100% of domestic AAFs resulted in some kind of ADRV (as CHINADA only outlined that eight appeals were basically or partially accepted, which may mean that an ADRV was still issued).
The Annual Report outlines that 20,314 tests were conducted during the year, over half of which (10,319) were conducted by the General Administration of Sport of China. A list of the 876 accredited Doping Control Officers in China reveals that 34 fall under the jurisdiction of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).
The Institute of National Anti-Doping Organisations (iNADO) is deeply concerned by the recommendation of the...